Brain cancer makes many patients lose their confidence in life, as time goes, which not only cannot be successfully treated, but also make the symptoms change to further harmful effects on health. Surgery is a common cancer treatment and also widely used in brain cancer treatment.
Surgical treatment: including craniotomy and transsphenoidal surgery.
The experts said the treatment of meningiomas should choose surgical excision as the main method. The principle is trying to make complete resection, and resection of the tumor invasion of the meninges and bone, in order to cure. Meningioma is a real growing outside the tumor, mostly benign, such as early diagnosis and the surrounding brain tissue in the tumor has not been important cranial nerves, blood vessels are the damage prior to surgery, should be able to achieve total resection. But there are some advanced tumors, especially in deep meningioma, a huge tumor, the lower part of the adhesion and tight, and the nerves, blood vessels, brain stem and hypothalamus or surrounded by these nerves, blood vessels easily separated, not forcibly engaged in this case, the total resection should not increase the risk of major bleeding in the brain and cranial nerve injury caused by surgery, and even recruit pathogenic in death or serious disability. Should be limited to tumor sub-total resection to shrink the tumor volume, supplemented by decompression surgery in order to reduce the tumor’s oppression on the brain, relieve intracranial pressure, protect eyesight. Or a surgical staging method. Indeed unresectable advanced tumors, tumor lines after the biopsy, only a decompression surgery to prolong life. The malignant radiotherapy.
The treatment of brain glioma surgery, the tumor showed infiltrative growth, and brain tissue, no clear boundaries, it is difficult to take complete resection, postoperative radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy is extremely necessary. The principle of surgical treatment is resection of the tumor as possible under the premise of preserving neurological function. Early the tumor is small and located in the appropriate part of those who can fight for the total removal. Located in the frontal or temporal lobe tumor, can be used for brain lobotomy. When a wide range of frontal or temporal lobe tumor cannot be fully removed, the removal of the amount of the pole or temporal pole for the decompression surgery. The tumor in the movement, speech area without significant hemiplegic, aphasia, should pay attention to preserve nerve function, proper removal of the tumor to avoid serious sequelae. The brain tumor should be cut from the non-functional brain tissue into the ventricle, resection of the tumor as much as possible, the lifting of brain obstruction. Located in the hypothalamus, brain stem glioma, with the exception of a slight nodular or cystic excision, generally for the shunt to alleviate increased intracranial pressure after radiotherapy treatment. General state of recovery after surgery, radiation therapy should be carried out as soon as possible.